Are the tools used in discipline effective?
First, consider that when a teacher punishes the student, or punishes a child with academic sanctions for using inappropriate language or behavior, the student experiences a long-term, emotional and social consequence. That kind of punishment can have a long lasting effect on children, and can color their view of their teachers in the future. Additionally, sanctioning words and behavior or calling out character flaws promotes the belief that words can have physical, emotional and cognitive consequences.
The appropriate role of language as a learning tool is to allow students to practice dialogue with each other and with other people in situations where their identities, personalities, emotions, or impulses come into direct contact with one another and the world around them. When those situations occur outside of class, or in a personal or social situation, students should be allowed to explore how the words and behaviors they are observing affect each other, and how words and behaviors relate back to their own emotional lives and personality traits.
It is the educators job to provide the space and language for that dialogue to occur and also to create opportunities for kids to practice engaging in dialogue with each other and the world around them. And, it is the educators job to create a safe and challenging environment where they can do so.